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Tuesday, February 2, 2016

Risk Assessment Planning



The purpose of a risk assessment plan is that of identifying, assessing risks, developing and evaluating potential strategies to mitigate those risks, and finally implementing procedures to protect from the harm that potential threats pose to a population.  By utilizing historic disasters, current science and research, as well as past occurrences of natural and human-caused hazards, the state of New Jersey has defined a strategy to provide direction and guidance when researching vulnerabilities and implementing any current and/or future mitigation projects (NJ Office of Emergency Management, 2006).
The New Jersey terrorism risk assessment portion of the 2014 Hazard Mitigation Plan did an excellent job in addressing a full gamut of possible threats.  While this plan did seem to focus more on explaining the possible threats and the risks that they pose to the state of New Jersey, it did not seem to have many actual mitigation strategies in place to deal with the threats.  The plan could have covered this area more fully (State of New Jersey 2014 Hazard Mitigation Plan, 2014). 
Vulnerability assessments were lacking in breadth and depth; the report simply stated that the entire population was at risk and that the areas with the greatest danger of exposure were those which housed the most people in one area at the same time.  Vulnerabilities which could cause the greatest impact on the area's infrastructure and the well-being of the populace as well as the consequence of an attack on these areas were identified.   However, once again, there are no strategies with which to address these vulnerabilities established (State of New Jersey 2014 Hazard Mitigation Plan, 2014).